Cyanide poisoning may result from:1
liquid and solid
- Dermal exposure:
Example of situations with cyanide poisoning
- Fire smoke
- CBRN* attack
- Industrial accident
Cyanide is present throughout industry, more than
600 000 metric tonnes are produced every year worldwide,
including 100 000 metric tonnes in the European Union.2
Cyanides are used particularly in:3
Exposure to salts and cyanogens occasionally causes poisoning; however a significant risk for multiple casualties occurs when these products come into contact with mineral acids because HCN gas is produced. 3
*CBRN: Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear
1 – Reade M. et al; Review article: management of cyanide poisoning
2 – Amizet L. et al., Occupational cyanide poisoning, BMJ Case reports 2011:1-3
3 – Ogbuagu O. et al; IJBSBT 2019; (11): 157-164
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